How to Test a Social Media Application?

Social media apps have literally become the lifeline of the present generation.

Social media apps are now a podium

  • to connect with people,
  • for entertainment purposes,
  • do business,
  • find or offer jobs,
  • get some information and whatnot.

Apart from its benefits, social media apps could also be very harmful. These apps could lead to high-security breaches if they are not properly validated for their security.
Apart from this improper functioning of these apps in any aspect could affect the business of thousands of people depending upon these apps for their business needs.
Hence Proper Testing of Social Media applications is very important.
Here is a sneak peek into how to test social media apps.
Why is it important to Test Social Media?
How to Test a Social Media Application.

According to Statista – “Number of worldwide users is expected to reach some 3.02 billion monthly active social media users by 2021.”
Such a large podium definitely needs to be secure and provide a seamless experience to all its users. Hence it is very important to test these applications for their efficient and effective working.
Types of Social Media Testing
Social media is a bundle of various functionalities. Testing social media apps requires you to have extensive domain expertise, large experience, and the correct skillset for it. Testing of Social media applications includes:

  • Enterprise Software Testing: Social media applications serve a large number of people and are very robust to test and require a high level of security testing. Hence these applications require some high-end enterprise testing solutions to be tested.
  • Web 2.0 testing: Being a web 2.0 based application, testing of social media applications requires the early involvement of testers. These applications are also susceptible to frequent changes and hence automatization of the test cases for such applications is preferred.
  • Web-testing including compatibility, functional, Security Testing, Performance Testing and database testing needs to be done for social media apps.
  • SaaS Testing: SaaS is referred to software as a service model. Social media services follow the Saas model and are requires to be validated for proper functioning using SaaS testing.
  • Web Analytics Testing: Social media apps deal with a large amount of data, Web analytics testing helps in collecting of website data and then analyzing and reporting based on your user’s targets.
  • User Acceptance Testing: includes testing social media apps for its attractiveness and user-friendly nature.
  • Content Management testing: Content management testing validate that the content is appropriate for the audience. Social media applications like Facebook are an ocean of content, new content is posted every now and then, and hence, content management testing becomes an on-going task and is very important to avoid any content related issues.
  • SEO testing: SEO is the need for the hour to promote your websites/applications online. Hence SEO testing becomes very important to ensure proper growth and exposure of your social media application.
  • Online Advertisement application testing. Social media applications these days promote businesses using online advertisement. Validating the proper functioning of online advertisements is very important.

Also Read: How To Test a Mobile Application

Social Media Application Testing Life Cycle
To ensure that your social media testing goes well, follow a proper testing methodology. Here are the steps you can follow to ensure proper testing of your social media apps.
1. Analyze Test Requirements:
First and foremost step if to analyze test requirements. Determine the scope of the testing and the test objectives.
Make a list of what all you need to test, how much time and how many resources you will require for testing.
2. Test Plan Creation:
Test plan creation is the next step towards conducting successful social media application testing.
Test planning is dependent on what does tester’s aim to achieve from the testing.
Hence they should have a clear understanding of what they are supposed to test like are they supposed to carry out only front-end testing or back-end testing or the both.

3. Allocation of Resources for Testing:
As per your analysis in test requirement phase, allocate resources for the testing like the human resources, allocate the time for testing, etc.
Before starting testing your social media mobile app, you should shortlist the testing techniques -Functional and Non-functional.
functional non functional testing
Also make a note of network, operating system, and device platforms for functional testing.
For Non-Functional Testing, techniques select from various testing techniques like Performance Testing, Usability Testing, Adaptability Testing, and Security Testing.
4. Test Case Document:
This is the first step towards actual testing.
Create test cases based on the test plan created by you in the initial phases of testing.
Create a test case document with all the features and functionalities of your social media app.
The test cases should include all the functional test cases along with various other test cases for usability testing, adaptability testing and other test cases like testing the speed of the app, memory usage, battery usage, and data requirements.
5. Defining the alliance of Manual Testing and Automation Testing.
Testing of social media apps includes an amalgamation of both manual and automatic testing. Prepare a separate document for manual testing test cases and automatic testing test scripts.
6. Execution of the Test Case:
The actual testing takes place here, where you will actually execute the test cases created in the previous step. You can execute test cases and scripts in physical devices or using testing tools, or in the cloud.
7. Identifying and Removing the Bugs:
While executing the test cases, all the bugs that are detected have to be reported to the development team, for removing them.
8. Documentation:
Document all the bugs that you have found. This documentation can help you as a reference for future testing.
9. Test Completion:
After bug’s removal, the application has to be retested to check if the bugs are properly removed and to check that the change in code has not affected the present functionalities.
Though there is nothing like test completion, as the application may require to be repeatedly tested whenever there is any code change.
But if in any round of testing, the code is identified as bug-free, the testing is considered to be completed.
Tips for Testing Social Media Applications
Here are a few tips to test your social media application effectively:

  • Testers should be experienced in the design and implementation of Web 2.0 testing
  • Carry out all-inclusive website testing.
  • Autonomous validation is important for social media apps.

Social media applications are witnessing a sudden hike. People are getting dependent on them for their day to day enquires and uses.

Such a wide platform requires to be tested comprehensively so that they possess no threats to their users either at a personal or professional level.

Important Test Cases For Mobile Applications

Mobile application development is gradually taking a front seat in software development. Mobile testing is day by day increasing its prospects. But still, testers have many questions regarding mobile testing like how to create test cases and test scenarios, how to use various mobile testing tools, etc. In this article, we will cater to test cases and test scenarios for mobile testing.
Below we have curated a list of sample test cases and test scenarios for various types of mobile testing.

Types of Test Cases

  • Performance Testing Test Cases
  • Functional Testing Test Cases
  • Compatibility Testing Test Cases
  • Security Testing Test Cases
  • Recoverability Testing Test Cases
  • Usability Testing Test Cases

Performance Testing Test Cases

Performance testing for the mobile application ensures that your application performs as required under certain performance requirements like a number of users, memory requirements, etc.
In performance testing, we largely need to have test cases for

  • Device performance
  • Server/API Performance
  • Network Performance

Your test cases should deal with the following aspects:

Device Performance:

  • Application start-up time
  • Memory consumption
  • Usage with other Applications
  • Battery Time while using the application
  • Hardware and Software variation
  • An application running in the background

Server/API Performance:

  • API calls generated
  • Data to and from the server.
  • Server downtime

Network Performance:

  • Network Speed
  • Packet Loss

Also Read: How to create Test cases For Android Application

Few test cases that you can conduct for performance testing are

  1. Test application performance under different load conditions.
  2. To test if the network coverage supports the application at various user levels.
  3. To test the application performance under prevailing client-server configuration setup.
  4. To detect infrastructure and application bottlenecks that hold back your application from working as expected.
  5. To test the response time.
  6. To evaluate the application for planned and unplanned load volumes.
  7. To evaluate battery time while using application
  8. To test application during network change from WIFI to 2G/3G/4G or vice versa.
  9. To test the memory leaks, Camera, battery consumption, resources like GPS.
  10. To test if the application works well when the device is being moved from one location to another.

Functional Testing Test Cases

In mobile testing functional testing generally deals with testing the user interactions and the transactions. When conducting functional testing, you have to consider a few scenarios

  1. Business functionality usage of your application like banking, gaming, social or business
  2. Target audience type like consumer, enterprise, education
  3. Distribution channel you would like your application to share Apple App Store, Google play, direct distribution

Based on your application and requirement you can have following test cases for your testing:

  1. To verify if the essential and non-essential fields can be easily identified and are displayed on the screen in a distinctive way.
  2. To test the essential fields for their proper working.
  3. To test that during an incoming call the application goes to minimized mode.
  4. To verify your application does not crop up any hindrance for other applications installed on the system.
  5. To test the application’s compatibility with required versions of the devices.
  6. To test the application for the proper working during starting and closing.
  7. To test your application supports required social network options such as posting, sharing, and navigation, etc.
  8. To test for truncation errors. Any truncation error should not harm your system and should be under a safe limit.
  9. To test for proper network error message during improper network connection.
  10. To test the smooth installation of the application provided all requirements are fulfilled.
  11. To test the auto-start facility based on the requirements.
  12. To test if the mobile is able to receive and store messages while your application is running.
  13. To test if your application does not hinder the multitasking capability of the device.
  14. To verify the required navigation among the related modules
  15. To test if application restarts at the same point after a system crash.
  16. To test the availability of the user guide.
  17. To test any payment gateway transaction support if required by the application.
  18. To test for required page scrolling scenarios.
  19. To test newly added functionalities or changes made to the code.

Compatibility Testing Test Cases

Compatibility testing is very important as markets are flooded with various kinds of mobile devices. Your application should be compatible with all these devices to reach wider customers. Compatibility tests your application compatibility with various mobile devices, OS, and a combination of both.
Some of the prominent test cases for compatibility testing are:

  1. To test user Interface of the application on various screen size.
  2. To test your application supports various mobile devices.
  3. Test application’s compatibility with various OS
  4. Test applications compatibility with a combination of different devices and different OS.
Security Testing Test Cases

In times of increasing cyber-crime, security testing is very important. It checks whether your application fulfills all the security requirements.
Below are some of the most important security testing test cases for mobile apps that can ensure better security of your application:

  1. To your application withstanding capabilities against brute force attack
  2. To test the application against buffer overflows and memory corruption cases.
  3. Test custom created files and test that they do not perform any malicious deeds.
  4. To test applications immunity against malicious runtime injections.
  5. To test the well-being of cryptography code.
  6. To test if your application supports a strong password protection system, and does not allow an unauthorized person to change password.
  7. To detect dynamic dependencies.
  8. To test security against SQL injection-related attacks.
  9. To detect and recuperate from unmanaged code scenarios.
  10. To test if certificates are verified and whether your application support Certificate Pinning.
  11. To test the application response from the denial of service attacks.
  12. To analyze data validation requirements.
  13. To test the business logic implementation is secured.
  14. To test file system interactions.
  15. To test the protocol handlers.
  16. To test applications immunity tonasty client-side injections.
  17. To test that keyboard cache is protected from apprehensive data storage.
  18. To test if regular audits for data protection analysis are supported.
  19. To test if your application goes through a proper authentication process before sharing sensitive information.
  20. To test your application is immune to insufficient session expiration.
  21. To inspect file caching.
  22. To test for cookies.
  23. To test whether session management is enabled to prevent unauthorized users to access unwanted information.
  24. To test different data streams.
Recoverability Testing Test Cases
  1. Test for Crash recovery
  2. Verify recovery state of the applicationafter unanticipated crash
  3. Test for Transaction interruptions.
  4. Verify application’s transaction handling capabilities during a power failure (i.e. Battery dies or sudden manual shutdown of the device)
  5. The application recoverability when the connection is suspended.

Usability Testing Test Cases

The usability testing tests whether your mobile application is easy for the users to use. The main objective of usability testing is to whether your application supports intuitive, easy-to-use, and industry-accepted interfaces.

  1. Test that the buttons on your application are of the required size.
  2. To test icons consistency with the application.
  3. To test for the colour coding of the buttons as per the requirements.
  4. To test for zoom- out and zoom-in facilities support in your application.
  5. To test the proper acceptance of keyboard input.
  6. To test the support for undoing an action within a time limit, when any wrong item is touched.
  7. To test no overloading of contextual menus.
  8. To test that the text is simple, readable and clearly visible to the users.
  9. To test for the apt font.
  10. To test that the users are prompted when they download a large amount of data not beneficial for the application performance.
  11. To verify the closing and reopening of application from various states.
  12. To test for language translation facility.
  13. To test the synchronization of application items as per the user actions.
  14. To ensure the availability of user manual for the ease of the users.

Usability is all in all a manual testing approach as only a human can understand the usability accepts and ease of using the application. We hope these test cases will help you with your mobile testing endeavor.

Why Should You Shift to Functional Automation Testing?

Do you get bored with manually testing your code for bugs again and again? Proper functioning of the code is the foremost thing that matters.  If your code does not act as per the requirement specification, it is no longer of any use.

Functional testing assures that your code functions as per the requirements. But alas! Even a small change or an alteration in your code can alter its working. Hence it is advisable to retest your code every time a change is made to the code.
But running same test cases again and again can be daunting. And there enters automation testing. Automating your functional testing can relieve you of a lot of burdens and can save you a lot of time.
What is Functional Automation Testing? 
Before moving on to functional automation testing, let us first know a little about Functional Testing.
As discussed earlier functional testing confirms that every function of your code works in accordance with the requirement specification. Functional testing requires you to send appropriate inputs and to verify the actual output with the expected output.
But being the foremost quality assurance process, you may be required to repeat functional testing. And hence to ease out your work it is advisable to automate your functional testing process.
Functional Automation testing is a process that assists you in easy and faster execution of your functional test cases. Manual testing requires you to execute the test case step by step, which can be time-consuming as it is done by hand.
And to outcast, this peril, automating functional test case comes as a savior saving on both time and efforts. It helps in executing functional test cases automatically with no human intervention.
Before moving forward let’s look into some drawbacks of manual functional testing.
Drawbacks of Manual Testing
Here are some weaknesses of manual testing that promote testers to adopt automated testing:

  • Manual functional testing is very time-consuming.
  • Functional testing like regression testing becomes very repetitive and losses testers’ interest.
  • It requires many resources.
  • It might miss out on a few scopes of functional testing.

Why Functional Automation Testing?
Considering the current scenario where we develop software at a fast speed and alterations and enhancements are done at an equally fast speed, we need a methodology where we can test our code with an equally high speed. And that is where a need arises for functional automation testing.

Know More: 7 Best Practices You can Consider for Functional Testing

Companies are now moving toward Agile and DevOps, increasing the importance of automation than ever before. The frequent integrations and enhancements in the code require test cases to run quickly and accurately. And automation functional testing assures the best accuracy and quick run avoiding all human errors.
The main reason for a switch to functional automation testing is to save on both time and money. It assists the quick feedback to the developers for any bugs and errors.
Apart from time and money savings, Functional automated testing also benefits in:

  • More precise benchmarking.
  • Fewer faults because of human error.
  • Gives wider test coverage.
  • Assists reusability.
  • Helps in faster release of the software.
  • Assists in faster feedbacks to the developers about the bugs in the code.

So are there any downsides to creating automated tests?
What’s the real story?
Functional test automation as software development
Functional automation tests or any other automation tests are a piece of software code that relies on one or other programing language. This makes it a complete software development activity where you develop a code to test another piece of code.

Developing functional testing code is equally complicated like other software development projects and presenting similar issues like them.
So take care to follow software development best practices to develop a successful functional automation test case.
Should you automate all your test cases?
Automating all the test cases does not seem to be a good idea. Rather, not everything is even automatable. To look out for what test cases you should ideally automate, consider the following things:

  • Deterministic test cases
  • Automate test cases that do not require manual communication
  • Test cases that deals with fiscal-related areas of the software
  • Test cases that deals with risk areas of the software
  • Test that requires running on different data sets.
  • Test cases those are difficult for manual testing.
  • Test cases those are required to run on various browsers, systems, etc.
  • Test cases that is time-consuming.
  • Stress/load test cases
  • Unit test cases

You can consider automating the more time-consuming and repetitive test cases. Though, the criterion may vary depending on various other conditions.
But what about Functional automation testing ROI? Let’s have a look into it.
Functional Automation Testing ROI 
Finally, it is ROI that majorly governs any business decisions. Whether to automate your test cases or not; is also largely dependent on ROI. The determination of ROI for automation testing is tricky. Here is a small formula that can help you find a rough estimate of the automation cost.

Know More: Difference Between Functional and Non Functional Testing

Automation Cost = automation tool cost + cost of the labor to automate test cases + maintenance cost
If your automation test cost turns out to be lower than the manual testing cost, you should look out for automating test cases.  Moreover, testing cost increases with every run in manual testing, whereas the ROI adds up with every run in automation testing
But there are some other factors apart from ROI that can affect your decision to whether or not to automate test cases.
What Not to Automate
Functional automation testing, no doubt save time and efforts. But automating all the test cases is not a good idea. There are certain types of test cases you should not consider automating.

  • Test cases that are to be performed only once.
  • Ad Hoc based test cases.
  • Test cases that do not have a predictive result.
  • Usability test cases.

Be wise in your selection of test cases to automate. Functional test case automation can be highly beneficial for you if done wisely.
Functional testing is one of the most important phases of STLC. But sometimes functional testing can be very time-consuming and frantic task.

Automating function test cases is one most apt solution to overcome this snag. Functional automation testing can save you both time and money.
So be clever and consider functional automation testing for your upcoming projects.

Feature Testing: Why is it important before Release?

Feature testing is a necessary process since updates are essential for an app to keep up with time, for monetary benefits and to make the customers feel that the makers of the apps are putting in so much effort.
Apart from bug fixing, the addition of new features is also essential for the survival of any app.
The biggest question here is how to test these new features of an app that has already been tested or not been tested?
interested? go through this blog.
Developing New Feature?
While developing a new feature for your mobile app you need to determine what you are going to develop? The new feature that you will develop should be worth releasing, otherwise, it might mislead users.
You need to come up with a feature according to the app’s user base responds to various elements of the mobile application.
Run various experiments for in-app elements to better understand the missing feature.
How do you test new features?

  • Determine the type of audience the feature caters to. By knowing the right audience you can calibrate your test according to it
  • Release the software with the intended features to a small amount of audience before the actual test
  • Make sure that you are recording the results and categorizing it to the appropriate section. For instance, Order values by departments, average order values, conversion rates, o add to cart rates, hits on the checkout page per department,  etc. Categorization will help in analyzing interaction on various segments of the software
  • Once the software has been validated by a small number of users.  Prepare it for the larger  A/B test.
  • Create a product management system so that feedback can be run through a loop

Why you should do Feature testing?
Before releasing new features that you have developed, it needs testing to determine the impact among the users and application.
To better understand the impact of your feature you need to perform mobile application testing.
Mobile app testing will help you to understand the business impact of this new feature and what improvements should be made before release.
Testing of New Feature
Before releasing a new feature, it has to be tested with real-world test cases.
As the feature will be released among thousands of users, it becomes even more difficult to release an application that is error-free, as every individual is different from another.
Thus, below is some process for testing a new feature for mobile applications.

  • Field Testing

Field Testing becomes an important aspect of testing this new feature and its impact in real-world scenarios.
This test will be carried out by QA testers where they would be using this integrated feature as per the need in the real world.
However, field testing becomes a little difficult to carry out as it requires a large number of dedicated testers to execute field testing effectively and smoothly.
Also, field testing would require a number of devices and their maintenance which increases the cost of testing.
Although, this test may cost more it will provide an excellent overview of your new feature and its acceptance in the real world.

  • Leverage Your Community

 Another option for you to test your new feature in real-world cases is to leverage your community.
You can easily source alpha and beta testers for testing your new integrated feature in the mobile application.
With the help of alpha and beta testers, you will be able to get appropriate feedback from actual users who will be using your new app feature in a real-world scenario.
While sourcing alpha and beta testers may come with risk, it provides an excellent method for exposing bugs to them.
It becomes a reliable method that can be gathered in a form of valuable feedback from actual users and let you do further improvement in your mobile app.

  • Incorporating Your Application

For a more efficient field testing of your new feature, you can also incorporate your integrated mobile application into the daily activities and workflow of your team members.
This will help you to encounter bugs and issues in your new feature naturally by your team.
Not only, it will save some cost for sourcing alpha and beta testers for your test but also it will increase the efficiency to detect any issue in a timely manner and improves it as soon as possible.
You can also use this approach to uncover details such as battery usage, device compatibility, and other environmental factors.

  • Crowd Sourced Testing

 This test will expose the benefits, effectiveness, and efficiency of your application.
To perform Scaling UX and exploratory tests, testers would require enough time to devote to these valuable testing approaches.
Your team would need to use automation tools and services to free up the team’s time which can be utilized for other testing approaches.
Automation tools will enable them to eliminate the effort of testing applications in a repetitive cycle.

  • A/B Testing

A/B testing for your new feature in the mobile application would enable you to observe which versions perform better.
This test will compare your version A app with version B app and checks which one is performing better.
While conducting A/B testing you need to focus on key aspects such as user onboarding, user engagement rate, or user retention.
Making an Announcement of Your New Feature In-App
After completing mobile app testing for your new feature with improvements,
you can now make an announcement to all the users about the addition of the new feature in the application.
Introducing your new feature to the application will be useless if the right users are not aware of it.
To ensure that the right people know about this addition, you need to decide on how you are going to tell users about the new feature.
You can either use real-time context to tell them about the new feature or just make a proper announcement of your new feature before global release.
After achieving all these steps you can successfully release your new feature to your mobile app without any hesitation.
Once, your new feature is live and released globally, you need to get feedback from different users who had just used your new feature.
This will help you to understand the true nature of your new feature. What if people did not use your new feature?
Or did they have any issues?
You can easily get feedback from your users regarding your new feature and make sure to improve them.
After releasing your new feature you can also record the impact and compare it with your testing results to ensure more improvement in testing areas.
Benefits of Feature Testing

  • The environment of the product can be figured out easily
  • Helps in gathering metrics of features and validate it
  • Basic elements of software can be tested
  • Helps in keeping a check on various integration
  • You can check the different configuration of the software product
  • bugs and issues can be found out
  • You can perfect the software and prepare it for success

How to use Selenium for the automation of feature testing?
How It Can Help in Feature Testing?
It depends on the kind of developer you are. If you are a developer who believes in testing all key features after deployment then Selenium Webdriver would be a panacea for you.
But there are many developers who just believe in developing new stuff and not first testing the existing features and then go ahead with building new ones. This would lead to a lot of bugs and the cost incurred with finding a defect would increase in the defect life cycle.

Also Read : 15 Top Selenium WebDriver Commands For Test Automation

So, the strategy should be testing the existing features and then building new stuff. If you are thinking that testing existing new features would consume a lot of time then in that case you can use Selenium Webdriver to cut the time taken to test these features.
In this way your code would be bug-free and costs associated with defects will decrease.
Let’s now prepare the first test with Selenium WebDriver. If you are thinking that you are not a Java Expert; then how would you start writing code and explore. Selenium Webdriver needs minimal use of Java if you want to start with it so don’t worry and go ahead!
Set-Up Needs To Be Done

  • The first thing is to download the Chrome Browser as you will test your code on chrome.
  • Next is to download ChromeDriver from Seleniumhq official site and hence; you can download the chromedriver.exe file in your system.
  • You should have Java installed in your machine and this you can check by opening cmd and fire command “java –version”.
  • You should have Eclipse installed in your machine as it is a perfect IDE to develop the test to check the features.
  • You can now open eclipse and then click on New -> Java Project -> Next -> Give Project Name and Finish
  • Now add Selenium library to your project by first downloading the Jars from Seleniumhq site. Then click on Properties of your project and click on Build Path and then click on “Add External Jars”.
  • After this, you are ready to start with your code. All initial setup is ready.

First Test With Selenium Webdriver To Test Login Feature
For writing code you need to make a class file in your project. For doing that; click on New -> Class -> Next -> Name your Class -> Finish. Now, you can start writing your code in this section. As of now just copy the code below and run it on your local machine.
import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
public class Test1 {
static WebDriver webDriver;
public static void main(final String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
// Telling the system where to find the chrome driver
// Open the Chrome browser
webDriver = new ChromeDriver();
// Maximize the browser window
if (testlogin()) {
System.out.println(“Test WordPress Login: Passed”);
} else {
System.out.println(“Test WordPress Login: Failed”);
// Close the browser and WebDriver
private static boolean testlogin() {
try {
// Open
// Type in the username
// Type in the password
// Click the Submit button
// Wait a little bit (7000 milliseconds)
// Check whether the h1 equals “Dashboard”
if (webDriver.findElement(By.tagName(“h1”)).getText()
.equals(“Dashboard”)) {
return true;
} else {
return false;
// If anything goes wrong, return false.
} catch (final Exception e) {
return false;
Run this you will find Chrome Browser opening up and then testing the login functionality. Let me explain the steps one by one for better understanding.

  • setProperty(“”,”C:/PATH/TO/chromedriver.exe”);

This statement is to tell your program where it can find chromedriver.exe file in your local.

  • webDriver = new ChromeDriver();
  • manage().window().maximize();

These commands will open Chromedriver instance and then would maximize the size of the browser.

  • if (testlogin())

This would test if the login feature is properly working or not. If it is not working then “Test failed” would be printed else “Test passed”.

Also Read : 52 Software Tester Interview Questions That can Land You the Job

  • The test login module has tried and catches statements inside it. If everything goes as expected as per you then code in try block would be executed else code in catch would be executed. Suppose when you try to locate an element and it is not present in DOM then it would throw an exception “NOSUCHELEMENTEXCEPTION” and this code in catch block should be executed.
  • In this testlogin function steps are mentioned.

automation testing
These would be hit the URL in the browser and then find username and password fields. With the help of sendKeys you will be able to write to these text boxes.

  • findElement(“wp-submit”)).click();

With the help of this command you are clicking on submit form.

  • sleep(7000);

This sleep is included in order to follow the test visually. 7000 means 7000 ms that means 7s.

  • Now if the login is successful then the headline of the page should change to “Dashboard” and h1 headline is used only once in every page so you can get it by using tagname h1. You can get the text out of the webelement and then compare it with “Dashboard” to test whether you have successfully login or not. The below code is for that.

if (webDriver.findElement(By.tagName(“h1”)).getText().equals(“Dashboard”))
return true
} else {
return false;

  • You can find the elements using various locators like ID, Name, Xpath, CSS Selector, and Link Text. Mostly you should prefer ID and name when they are not dynamic. Otherwise it is good to go with Xpath and CSS.

Feature testing increases the chances of success and mitigates risk to a great extent.  Do think of it as a setback or baggage, development alone is not the key to software success. You gave to make sure it has what it takes to survive the market.

Why Usability And Functionality Testing Is Crucial In Mobile Game Testing?

Have you ever considered how games are tested and released? The compelling mobile game testing system prompts a problem free and responsive gaming force to the end users.

The gaming business is evolving exponentially because of increment in applications utilization in mobiles. It is difficult to characterize a standard procedure for games testing techniques that should be custom-made as each game varies from each other. To begin with, aspects of Functionality and Usability must be analyzed.


Usability and Functionality testing are normal to a wide range of application testing. With the merging of the gaming and mobile technology, an exceptional and concentrated testing attempt is required.

Here we will specify how both the aspects work for mobile game testing.

Usability Tests

Humans are flawed. They may have bad eyesight or big fingers and tap the wrong key, misunderstand a command or pick the wrong interaction. All types of glitches will be found by your consistent application user thus you need to discover them before they do.

The usability test is performed for testing ease of use, navigation flow, and in the end, to check what sort of user experience your game has to offer. So, make sure that emulators and genuine mobiles are only used for testing. For instance, performance slowdowns are not at all difficult to uncover utilizing genuine devices. During the test, it checks interferences, how charger impacts to general performance and use, and battery consumption.


Also, to get the most ideal comprehension of how awesome usability and fun your game is offering ,it is vital to test the game for its execution as this will make either the positive or negative user encounter. These all significantly affect user experience – and greatly the user’s enjoyment level.

Apart from these fundamental purpose of Usability test is to

  • The buttons are set in a similar area of the screen to evade confusion to the end users.
  • The logical menus are not over-loaded since it must be utilized rapidly.
  • The app prompts the users whenever they begin downloading a lot of data which might be not favorable for the application execution.
  • The approval for the tapping zoom-in and zoom-out features ought to be equipped.
  • The app gives a strategy for undoing an action or going back, on touching the wrong thing, in an adequate time.

The rationale behind playing a game is only for fun reasons. Consequently, your games are relied upon to give entertainment along extraordinary user experience.Evaluating fun-factor demands some aesthetic imagination and critical thinking. Fun is conveyed just if every other part of the game cooperates accurately and it requires a great effort to achieve.

Thus, usability testing validates the effort and time needed so as to accomplish a specified activity and recognizes easily neglected mistakes. It includes user viewpoint testing, end-user interface testing, and user documentation testing.

Functional Tests

Functionality Testing is the most well-known type of game testing. Functional testing implies playing games to discover bugs.If done manually, it requires playing the game while the testing procedure is going on.It decides if the application is working as per the determinations.

Additionally, in some cases, automation is a reasonable choice in a few domains of functional testing.In the event that you comprehend your mobile application’s code, you can set up test automation system. Automated functional testing for mobile games can reveal issues identified with UI and graphics, game mechanism, integration of graphics resources, and resistance.

It’s a mind-boggling testing strategy under the classification of black box testing procedure. Sets aside more time to execute as analyzers search for graphics issues, game play problems, audio-visual issues, and so on. You have to get validations whether installation goes easily, the application works in limited mode, the application permits social media choices, supports payment portals, and much more.

The most crucial test situations in the functional testing can be considered to approve that

  • All the required obligatory fields are functioning as required.
  • The app goes into the minimized form if a user gets an incoming call.
  • The mobile can perform required multitasking prerequisites whenever it is important to do as such.
  • The installed app empowers different apps to perform thoroughly, and it does not feed into the memory of alternate apps.
  • The navigation between significant modules in the app is according to the prerequisite.
  • Perform Regression Testing to reveal new programming bugs in existing zones of a framework after changes have been made to them. Additionally, rerun earlier performed tests to confirm that the program manner hasn’t changed because of the changes.

While functional testing is dependably a fundamental action in mobile game testing strategy, the actual contrast between a successful mobile game and an average mobile game is realized by the significance given to the one of a kind characteristics and requirements of a mobile environment. Basically, end to end functional testing comprising of linear and non-linear action for your game is done to guarantee the executed functionality is free of bugs and uniform with your planned design.


Remembering the above goals, the game ought to have the accompanying attributes:

  • A complex or intriguing plot
  • Realistic graphics (including backgrounds, characters, and hardware) and sounds
  • Random plays to keep the player intrigued
  • Lesser known actualities to instruct the player
  • Facilitate players to manage as a team if it’s a multi-player game


Right from the starting phase, your prototype mobile game is out after generation, the testing steps start. The game designer’s part becomes dependent upon the prerequisites and proposals provided by the game tester. The project duties of a game tester are mostly divided into two parts: Firstly, identification and reporting of the game deformities.Secondly, assisting with its analyzing and verifying.

automation testing

Once the game is made after passing these types of tests, it is sent to entertainment organizations like Electronic Arts, Sony, and Microsoft for their review and production. Lastly, on the permission of respective Censor sheets of the game, it is prepared to be commercially launched.

Functional and Non-Functional Testing : Striking Differences

Testing is critical to every business function, but testing is a huge umbrella. One needs to understand the different types of testing available and then decide what is best suited for their application. One of the broadest classifications of testing is functional and non-functional testing. In this section, we will discuss more of these two types of testing and how they are different from one another.
Context of the blog

  1. What is Functional Testing?
  2. What is non-functional testing?
  3. Functional testing strategies
  4. Types of Functional Testing 
  5. Functional testing strategies
  6. Conclusion

1. what is functional testing?
Just as the name suggests, functional testing is done to verify the functionality of the Application Under Test (AUT). At the beginning of any software project, there is a stakeholder meeting to discuss the requirements of the application. These requirements are discussed, brainstormed, documented, and then signed off. This document then serves as a guideline for application development.
The main aim of any functional testing is to ensure, everything documented in the specifications document is implemented as expected. Quality in terms of functional testing is getting the expected result after every transaction. The accuracy of the result or output is the checkpoint for every functional test case. A detailed functional testing plan is driven by a testing matrix wherein each requirement is mapped to one or more functional test cases and verification points.
2. What is non-functional testing?
Non-functional testing concentrates on the aspects of testing that are not directly related to the functionality of the application. Some of the most points that are tested under non-functional testing are the usability of the application, the ease of navigation, time is taken to move between screens or pages, the performance of the application under load or stress.
Many people make the mistake of ignoring non-functional requirements, this can sometimes lead to the failure of the application or product as well. Instead, they should make it a point to capture and document these requirements as well. These are popularly known as the NFR’s (Non-Functional Requirements). Both functional and non-functional requirements are equally important and need to be thoroughly tested for the success of the application.

3. Types of Functional Testing
White Box Testing: Includes testing the internal structure of the system code

Black Box Testing:  Based on the test objective, derive test cases

Unit Testing: Identify bugs and errors right from the start of the development life cycle.

Smoke Testing and Sanity Testing:  Compare the system with specifications to make sure it’s functioning accordingly

Integration Testing: Test individual software components to verify the interaction between various interfaces

Non-Functional Testing Involves Following Sub-Types of Testing’:

Compatibility Testing: Performed to ensure compatibility of a system, application, or website

Configuration Testing: Testing an application with multiple combinations of software and hardware to find out the optimal configurations

Load Testing: Determine a system’s behavior under both normal and anticipated peak load conditions.

Performance Testing: Evaluating the quality or capability of a product.

Recovery Testing: Determine how quickly the system can recover after it has gone through a system crash or hardware failure

Security Testing:  Determine if an information system protects data and maintains functionality

Scalability Testing:  Measure its capability to scale up or scale out in terms of any of its non-functional capability.

Stress Testing: Stretches software to its limits and checks its durability.

4. Functional Testing Strategies

For functional testing, the test strategies are attained using automated and manual tools. The widely used functional testing method includes black-box testing, where the tester isn’t required to test the internal source code, but validates the system using valid and invalid inputs.

All functional tests like, API testing, unit testing, Boundary value analysis, etc., have a specific output that has an expected output. After entering valid data, the system should work as intended. Functional tests are scripted with pass and fail criteria.

The tests conducted under this require more creativity and technical expertise compared to the functional ones. This is because you are developing a product keeping the end-user workflow in mind, rather than what input gives what output.

While some non-functional tests can be defined through fail and pass criteria, many tests are more objective and require the opinion of the testing team.

Therefore non-functional tests are written in measurable and quantifiable ways wherever needed. Having good communication and requirement gathering from the client is essential when you perform testing.

5. Difference Between Functional and non-functional Testing

S No. Criterion Functional Testing Non Functional Testing
1 What is tested? The functionality of the application is tested by verifying each of the functional requirements as documented in the SRS (Software Requirement Specification) The NFR or the Non-Functional Requirements are tested here with more weightage on usability and ease of use for the customers.
2 How is it performed? It can be done both manually and using automation tools In most cases, we need a tool to simulate the scenarios for this type of testing
3 What is validated? The functionality of the application is verified against the set guidelines The performance of the application is validated under different situations.
4 Example On the login screen, once the user enters his username and password, he should be able to successfully navigate to the next screen in the application On the login screen, once the user enters his username and password, he should be able to successfully navigate to the next screen in the application within “X” seconds. This “X” should be documented in the NFR document. So, if X is 6 sec, the user being able to log in at the 7th second would be considered as a failure.
5 Sequence Once the application development is completed, the functional testing can be module by module or even with respect to functionalities. It is normally done after the functional testing is completed for the entire application. It can be done along with the integration testing also.
6 Types of testing 1. Unit Testing
2. Smoke Testing
3. Regression Testing
4. Integration Testing
5. User Acceptance Testing
1. Load Testing
2. Performance Testing
3. User Experience Testing
4. Stress Testing
5. Disaster Recovery Testing
7 Usage It is done to validate the application and how it behaves It is done to validate the performance of the application under different sets of conditions and scenarios
8 Source of the requirements The functional requirements are provided by the app owners and signed off before the start of the development activity Voice of Customer and the surveys related to how similar applications perform in the market are taken as the ballpark measure for the non-functional requirements
9 Ease of defining checkpoints Functional testing checkpoints are easy to define. For example, if you have a login screen, you enter the correct credentials and hit the login button, it should take you to the next page. The NFR checkpoints are difficult to describe. For example, in different instances login may take 4 sec, 6 sec, 8 sec, or 10 sec. It is difficult to decide which is the failure case in this.
10 Ease of execution Functional tests are very straightforward and easy to execute. If there are well-defined test cases available, then in most cases even a non-tester would be able to perform the functional testing by following the test case document Running the non-functional tests needs a deep understanding of the scenarios and how to set them up. It requires special skills and cannot be performed by non-testers

6. Conclusion
Both functional and non-functional testing is very important for rolling out a quality product or application to the market. It is the responsibility of the stakeholders to ensure both these types of testing are done exhaustively before the product or application reaches the customers.
The success of the application or software product is directly related to its quality. And the best quality can be achieved only by conducting both functional and non-functional testing.

7 Best Practices You Can Consider for Functional Testing

Testing plays a vital role in any software or application development.
Functional testing is done to test features or functionality of an application or software. All the possibilities, including failure and boundary conditions are considered in functional testing.
app testing
Any functionality is tested by providing inputs, observing its output and comparing the actual results with the expected ones. Here are some effective procedures or best practices that may come handy while you perform functional testing:
1. Collect information required to perform testing
It is important to know what is to be tested and what the plan or procedure is, for testing. The development team has information about critical user commands and processes. Collect the information and test the critical things first.
It is important to be aware of market demands for product development. Document or matrix should be prepared to link the product to the requirement and to the test cases. Matrices should be modified as per the changes in requirement.
2. Make Test plan and test cases
Planning for what should be done to perform the testing, includes goals and scope of testing, number of people, hardware and software tools to be involved in the testing and schedule of testing, and number of test cases that should be written to perform testing. Test cases are nothing but input data based on the functionality’s specification. These test cases should be arranged and ranked as per priority to reduce delay and risk. The development team should review these test plans.
3. Execute the test
Test plans and actual functionality should match to execute the test correctly. Test cases should be written in such a way that it canbe modified if necessary with the changing needs of the product. For further analysis, problems faced and its solutions can be documented.
4. Consider the automated testing
Automated testing is done to improve quality of the product or software and also to save time. The tester has to decide about what should be automated.
Automated testing is slightly costlier in short span; but, in the long run it is more beneficial for the product. Avoid performing automation on things that can be cheaply and effectively done by manual testing.
5. Manage defects with data storage system
Many people working on same functionality may result in repetition of defect reports, incorrect order of issue solving, consideration of wrong defects and much more. To avoid this, acentralized data storage system should be managed which can be referred by everyone.
The system includes standard templates for defect reporting and verifying, ranking of defects as per priority and information about the assignment of tasks. This helps in solving problemsone by one.
6. Reporting of test results
A test result report is presented in a specific format which includes summary of all test cases executed and the time taken at each stage for each feature with its status and progress. It also provides details of any new defect found during testing.
Overall, test result report should be presented in a clear and simple way for understanding of the development team.
7. Analysis
Problems and options in both testing and development can be detected during analysis. It helps in improving procedures followed in product development. Analysis is helpful to make product success.