Strategies for Testing in AI Applications Best Practices and Key Considerations

Artificial Intelligence (AI): Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the latest technology to be leveraged across all industries and domains which are increasingly complex and continuously accessible marketplace, organizations must evolve. It is the ability of machines to perform tasks that usually require human intelligence.

How does Artificial Intelligence work?

  • AI works by merging big data sets with iterative processing algorithms and with intelligence to learn from features and patterns in the dataset that AI systems Analyze.
  • Each time an AI system performs a data cycle, it checks and measures its performance and gains additional knowledge.
  • AI science aims to create computer systems that can simulate human behaviour to solve complex problems using human-like thought processes.
  • AI systems use different technologies and different methods and processes to achieve this goal.

Mobile app test cost calculator

AI helps to access and manage the computing resources to train, test, and deploy AI algorithms and is playing a essential role in the software industry which also includes software testing. Testing is the basic activity aimed at detecting and solving technical issues in the software source code and assessing the overall product usability, performance, security, and compatibility. It’s not only the main part of quality assurance; it is also an integral part of the software development process.

Since AI has the ability of mimicking human intelligence, the penetration of AI in testing is on the rise.

Evolution of AI in Software Testing

According to the World Quality Report 2019-2020, it is stated that AI-based testing is on the rise, and to make testing smarter, more effective, and more efficient, organizations are adopting AI-based tooling and processes in software testing. Typically, the application of AI in software testing will make the entire testing process faster, clearer, easier, and budgeted. Therefore, AI-based testing will provide a strategic platform where software testers can leverage AI and take the testing process to a new level and thus deliver more quality results to businesses.

The paradigm of software testing has evolved significantly over the past two decades. Right from manual testing to automation testing, where selenium is considered to be one of the finest test automation tools, the testing journey has been quite encouraging. However, in today’s fast-paced IT world, the domain of software testing has to come up with innovative and well-researched testing methodologies.

AI algorithms can completely mimic human intelligence, and ML allows computers to learn automatically without any human intervention. Interestingly, AI and ML involve the development of unique and specific algorithms that can access data learn from that data by extracting patterns to make decisions, and these predictions are to be used in software testing effectively.

Read Also: Personality Analysis of Software Testers A Scientific Approach
Benefits of AI in Software Testing

benefits of Ai in software testing

1. Reduced Test Flakiness
By automating repetitive tasks and using algorithms to detect bugs and issues, AI helps to speed up the testing process and improve the accuracy of results. This means all the software can be tested more efficiently and effectively, saving time and resources while ensuring a higher-quality product.

2. Better Test Coverage
Artificial intelligence has the potential to automate manual tests and identify issues quickly, reducing the time required to detect bugs and errors. By automating testing activities and reducing human error, AI can help you deliver better quality software more quickly.

benefits of AI software testing

3. Faster Feedback Time
AI helps in faster detection of bugs in the product. Early detection results in improved product quality since the developers receive faster feedback about the product. Accelerated feedback time also improves developer productivity since issues are reported at a faster pace. The impact of AI-based testing multiplies by a huge margin when the tests are run in Continuous Integration pipeline.

4. Faster Test Script Generation
Codeless AI testing is significantly faster than either manual testing or traditional automated solutions, as testers save time generating code. This allows companies to increase their ability to run tests and deploy more quickly.

What is AI-based Testing?

AI-based testing is a software testing technique in which AI and Machine Learning (ML) algorithms are used to effectively test a software product.

Machine learning is one of the key techniques we use to achieve this. It forms the basis for many AI systems, but not all. AI and machine learning in software testing deliver better and more effective automation, relieving teams of the burden of repeating and refining testing.

Many software testing methods are now powered by Artificial Intelligence .The objective of AI-based testing is to make the testing process smarter and highly effective. With the inclusion of AI and ML in testing, logical reasoning and problem-solving methods can be applied to improve the overall testing process.

Moreover, enterprises are rushing towards tools that can leverage AI and ML algorithms and can be used for testing the software effectively. It has also been seen that businesses get many benefits from AI-based testing as it will enable faster and continuous testing, complete automation without any human intervention.

Read Also: AI and Bots: Are They The Future of Software Testing?
Some of the benefits of leveraging AI in software testing:

benefits of leveraging AI in Software testing


1. Visual validation:–

It helps to make sure that all the visual elements are engaging and can function properly. Improved accuracy: with the advent of AI in automation testing, repetitive tasks are handled more effectively and the results are recorded more accurately. AI has pattern recognition and image recognition capabilities that together help to detect visual bugs by performing visual testing on applications. It helps to make sure that all the visual elements are engaging and can function properly.

2. Improved accuracy:–                                                                                 

Through machine learning, AI helps to generate test data where testers can feed the data into an AI machine allowing it to perform various tests at every stage without the need for manual testing hence improving the reliability and security of the software.

In the manual testing method, the chances of human-prone errors are high, especially in situations of repetitive tasks. Automation testing helps in removing these human-prone errors. Thus, AI helps in removing the minute chances of errors and improves the overall accuracy of tests.

3. Better test coverage:–

AI in testing increases the test coverage as it can check the file contents, data tables, memories, and internal program states seamlessly. Saves time, money, and efforts: Software tests need to be repeated whenever there is an instance of change being made in the source code. AI in testing increases the test coverage as it can check the file contents, data tables, memories, and internal program states seamlessly. It also helps to determine if the program works as expected and delivers effective test coverage.

benefits of leveraging AI Software testing

4. Saves time, money, and efforts:-

Software tests need to be repeated whenever there is an instance of change being made in the source code. Manually this becomes time-consuming and takes a lot of effort from testers. But, with AI-driven tests, repetitive tasks are handled properly, quickly, and efficiently.

5. Faster time-to-market:–

AI uses a set of algorithms to analyze software functions and identify errors through automated testing, thus minimizing the headaches of repetitive software testing tasks (such as regression tests), improving accuracy, and accordingly shortening time to market. AI-driven tests support continuous testing, and thus products are released faster which helps businesses go early-to-market.

6. Reduces defects:–

AI-driven tests support continuous testing, and thus products are released faster which helps businesses go early-to-market. AI in testing helps in early and fast bug identification, which ultimately reduces the defects and makes the product bug-free, and reliable for end-users.

What are the 4 main categories of AI-driven testing tools?

AI-driven testing tools

1. Differential tools:-

Helps test different versions of similar applications. Carries out a comparison to understand differences, versions overbuilds and learn from classification feedback. Visual: Image-based testing needs visual validation. Differences are classified and application versions over each build are compared in this type of testing.

Tools leveraging AI and ML algorithms aim to proactively and automatically identify code quality issues, regressions, security vulnerabilities, and more. This is done through code scanning, unit test automated creations, and more. If your team lacks skills to address the above objectives or does not have the time to continuously address these tasks, consider some of these options. The outcome will be faster releases, improved quality through fewer escaped defects, and better productivity for developers. Some of the tools under this category are:

  • Launchable:

Launchable is based on an ML algorithm that predicts the likelihood of failure for each test based on past runs and whenever the source code changes under test. This tool lets the user record the test suite so that tests that are likely to fail are run first. One can choose this tool to run a dynamic subset of tests that are likely to fail, thereby reducing a long-running test suite to a few minutes.

It looks at code automatically upon a code pull request and performs a kind of code impact analysis that adapts to the recent code changes. It then selects only the most relevant subset of your regression suite to save time to approve the code changes and integrate them into the pipeline.

  •  Google OSS-Fuzz:

It is a fuzz testing tool that aims to make common open-source software more secure, stable, and reliable. This tool combines modern fuzzing techniques with scalable and distributed execution. This tool supports C/C++, Rust, Go, and Python code.

  • Facebook Infer:

Facebook’s Infer project also enables better code quality through its AI algorithm. The AI engine from Facebook can automatically find null pointer exceptions, memory leaks, concurrency race conditions, and more in Android and Java code. Similarly, it can also find the same issues together with wrong coding conventions or unavailable APIs in C, C++, and iOS/Objective C code.

  • DiffBlue:

DiffBlue connects into your source control repository (Git, Perforce, etc.) and creates a base line of unit testing automatically through AI. Once a regression is found, a flag will be thrown reporting the issue. The motivation for DiffBlue to create their solution was mostly to improve code quality by helping developers who do not like to own test creation.

Read Also: Software Testing Latest Trends & Technology in 2023
2. Visual AI testing tools

Visual testing is a software testing technique in which the look and feel of an application is tested by leveraging image-based learning and screen comparisons. With pattern and image recognition capabilities together, it helps detect visual bugs to test the look and feel of an application.

Visual AI testing tools address the pain of constant changes made to the UI (user Interface) layer together with an ever-growing number of platforms, screen sizes, and configurations that make testing coverage a nightmare for test engineers and developers. With the ever-growing number of platforms that vary in screen sizes and have different configurations, it has become a tedious task for test engineers and developers to effectively test the UI layer.

Also, the UI layer experiences constant changes from time-to-time as businesses wish to provide a better user experience. Therefore, today there is a dire need for visual AI testing tools that effectively test all variations of these UI layers.

Some AI/ML tools that fall into this category are:

  • Applitools

1. Applitools:

This is an AI-powered visual testing and monitoring platform. This has been named a next-generation test automation platform powered by Visual AI. The major features include Applitools Eyes which helps to increase test coverage and reduce maintenance. The Ultrafast grid helps with cross-browser and cross-device testing and accelerates functional and visual testing by 30 times. This Applitools platform integrates with all modern test frameworks and works with many existing testing tools like Selenium, Appium, Cypress, etc.

2. Percy by BrowserStack:

It is an all-in-one visual review platform that comes with amazing features such as pixel-by-pixel diffs, responsive diffs, and snapshot stabilization. This tool allows cross-browser rendering, high-speed rendering, and has parallelization capabilities. Percy helps teams automate visual testing. This Browserstack tool is used to typically capture screenshots and compare them against the baselines and display visual changes. It increases the visual coverage and helps teams to deploy code changes with confidence.

3. Declarative tools

Declarative tools have different use cases from the others but still aim to enhance test automation productivity and stability. Declarative tools that leverage ML and AI have significant abilities related to NLP, DSL, RPA, and MBTA methods. The common ground between the methods is to eliminate tedious, error-prone, repetitive actions through smart automation. While in this category we list RPA, this specific method is not solely around automation of testing, but also around automation of processes and tasks done manually.

These tools aim to enhance test automation productivity and stability. These tools leverage AI and ML and have significant abilities related to Robotic Process Automation (RPA), Natural Language Processing (NLP), Model-based Test Automation (MBTA), and Autonomous Testing Methods (AT). The main aim of these methods is to eliminate tedious, error-prone, repetitive tasks through smart automation. Some of the tools that fall under this category are:

Focusing on declarative testing, we can take as an example tools like:

  • Functionize
  • Tricentis
  • UIPath Test Suite
  • Automation Anywhere

1. Functionize:
Especially Functionize, specify leveraging NLP to create test automation scripts without any coding skills or development languages.

The major benefits of this tool type are as follows

Fast test automation creation.
No coding skills are required.                                                                                    Faster maintenance of test automation scenarios.

2. Tricentis:
This is an AI-driven, next-gen automation testing tool that allows Agile and DevOps teams to rapidly achieve test automation goals. It allows teams to go beyond continuous testing with AI. It allows automating end-to-end testing of software applications. This tool combines multiple aspects of software testing (test case design, test automation, test data design and generation, and analytics) to test GUIs and APIs from a business perspective.

3. UiPath Test Suite:
This is the latest Test Suite that can be used to automate and centralize the testing process and helps to launch resilient robots and ensures high-quality of every automation. The UiPath Test Suite consists of UiPath Studio Pro, UiPath Test Manager, and UiPath Orchestrator. Thus, UiPath test Suite can be used to automate tests in UiPath Studio Pro with drag and drop interfaces, helps to manage tests with UiPath Test Manager, and also helps to execute tests witn UiPath Orchestrator. Therefore, UiPath Test Suite is helping businesses with a 360 degree testing and is helping RPA developers to build more, test better, and fix never.

4. Automation Anywhere:
These types of tools should solve problems for the right persona depending on the skillset available.

4. Self-healing tools

Apply AI to testing to identify when a function has changed. Then, the test can automatically update itself to be relevant and not fail during execution. Element selection in tests is auto-corrected when the UI changes.

Code-based test automation is by nature less stable. It requires tuning constantly per platform or environment, and its entire foundation is the application objects. These objects tend to either change every few weeks, or worst case they are used inefficiently (e.g. XPATH vs. Object ID, etc.).

Some of the tools are as simple as a web browser plugin installation (Mabl, Testim). Some tools that assist in test maintenance with machine learning are richer in their abilities and are integrated into an end-to-end continuous testing solution (Perfecto, Tricentis).

  • Perfecto
  • Mabl

At the heart of these tools there is a ML algorithm that upon each execution and in between them “learns” the website and/or application under test. It scores the element locators from each screen in the app based on reliability and probability to be found successfully.

Code-based test automation is by nature less stable. It requires tuning constantly per platform or environment, and its entire foundation is the application objects. These objects tend to either change every few weeks, or worst case they are used inefficiently (e.g. XPATH vs. Object ID, etc.).

In automation tests, the problem of flakiness, reliability, and maintenance issues persist, and this is one of the main reasons why AI and ML have been introduced in test automation. To overcome these problems, self-healing tools have been developed that are mostly based on a record and playback mechanism, wherein the main ML engine resides in the self-healing of the recorded scripts. Some of the tools that fall under this category are:

  • Mabl:
    It is the leading intelligent test automation platform built for CI/CD. Mabl crawls your app screens and begins to run default tests that are common for most applications. It also uses ML algorithms to improve test execution and defect detection.
  • Testim:
    This tool uses AI and ML algorithms to automate testing to its full extent. AI is used to speed up the authoring, execution, and maintenance of the tests. Testim includes self-maintenance of automated tests that are ML-based. This results in the fast authoring of stable automated tests.
Best Practices for Testing AI Applications:

Assess Information Technology infrastructure

Successful execution of an AI strategy requires discipline and the best practices listed here. Responses may also contribute to adoption. Consider the use of resources in terms of the time, cost, complexity, and skill set required to build an AI model and demonstrate a business case.

Testing AI Application

Determine the use cases

Determine how the peers and competitors have strongly deployed AI platforms. Look for suppliers with a solid track record to mitigate risk. They talk to stakeholders about the utilization cases and the benefits of implementing AI.

Also, use AI accelerators from popular cloud service providers (CSPs), which may already be included in BPM (Business Process Management), RPA (Robotic Process Management), DMS (Document Management System), and iPaas (Integration Platform as a Services) platforms. Working with stakeholders and educating them on how to use AI solutions increases their likelihood of use and drives adoption across the organization.

Search for relevant use cases for the optimized deployment of artificial intelligence in each of the following areas:

  • Machine learning (ML)
  • Natural language processing (NLP)
  • Natural language understanding (NLU)
  • Optical character recognition (OCR)
  • Chatbots

Learn how your competitors and peers have successfully deployed AI platforms. Look for vendors with a reliable track record to reduce risk. Consult with stakeholders on your use cases and the advantages of implementing AI.  Also, leverage AI accelerators from prominent cloud service providers (CSPs) that may already be included within your LCAP, DMS, BPM, RPA, and iPaaS platforms. By working with your stakeholders and teaching them how to use your AI solution, the more likely they are to use it, driving organization-wide adoption.

Understand the Raw Data

Insufficient data may lead to misrepresented results and AI implementation failure. If you can comprehend the raw data, garner your business experts’ assistance to access a detailed interpretation. Comb through the data to ensure there aren’t any typos, missing components, skewed labels, and other errors. Ensure your data samples contain every element you need to analyze. Incomplete data may cause misleading represented results and AI execution failure. Ensure that the sample data contains all the elements required for analysis.

Losing focus on the raw data can lead to skewed results and loss of confidence on the machine learning models. If you do not understand the data, get help from business experts to gain a full understanding of the story the raw data is telling you. Analyze it to ensure that there are no missing values, incorrect labels, or typos and check that the sample contains the full spectrum of all users that you wish to analyze.

Also, consider the relationship between data labels and values that you are trying to predict based on dependent data and ensure that there is no biased data (data favoring a particular result). While analyzing the raw data, you will get an understanding of the limitations of your data set and model. This will help you communicate the scope and limitations of your predictions based on the pattern of the data to your stakeholders.


Train the models

You will need high-quality historical data to train your ML models. Use AutoML engines to build image, speech, video, and natural language, recognition models. With AutoML engines, any user can upload their images and automatically create an ML model using a drag-and-drop interface. Essentially, it imports data, tags the data, and trains the model. The best part is that an AutoML engine manages all the complicated work for you.

Training an ML model requires high-quality historical data. Generate natural language recognition, image, video, and speech using the Auto Machine Learning engine (AutoML). The AutoML engine allows users to upload images and automatically generate ML models using a drag-and-drop interface. Import the data, label the data and train the model. The best part is that the AutoML engine takes care of all the hard work.

Measure and record the results

You should experiment with artificial intelligence, but you should also incorporate disciplined tracking, monitoring, and measurement at every step using a critical approach. Also, it’s essential to continually audit your deployment to ensure it consistently aligns with your business objectives. Changing your strategy is more effective than accepting failure.

Continue testing your models and predictions to drive further improvements where necessary. Keep your data clean, and retain a master raw data set to use for every testing round. You can also use your master data set to test modified use cases. Monitor your model for potential risks and issues. Don’t forget to add time for managing any unexpected problems. While performing AI tests, one should also incorporate measurement, precise tracking, and monitoring using a complex approach throughout the action.

Also, it is essential to continuously check the deployment to ensure it is frequently coordinated with the business objectives.

Guide the team and cooperate

Artificial intelligence continues to get better, but it still requires the correct data. The issue is it’s difficult to find data science experts. Therefore, invest in continuing education for your stakeholders. Add to your training initiatives by creating an environment where collaboration is part of the culture. A crucial factor for AI implementation success is change management.

Create short-term and long-term objectives of what you expect to achieve using predictive analytics and then machine learning and then natural language processing and on down the AI list. Map out how each deployment affects each business line and how it enhances your employee workflows AI continues to improve, but it still needs relevant data. The problem is that it is difficult to find data science experts. Therefore, invest in further participatory education.

Admit all the wins

Celebrate every win, and involve every executive and stakeholder. Try to complete your projects within or before 12 weeks to encourage continued engagement. As you learn from each successful project, you can scale AI across more business lines and company locations. Use your goals as success benchmarks, and focus on your results. When focusing on the outcome, keep in mind that AI platforms can take structured and unstructured data sets.

Finally, using best practices for implementing AI requires a long-term perspective. Remember that AI deployment is a marathon and not a spring. Understand what AI is currently capable of executing, and be realistic about your timelines and your expectations.

App Bug fixing


A better understanding of the differences between AI and human intelligence is needed to better prepare for the future in which AI will have the most profound effect on our lives. With the advent of AI in software testing, businesses are now able to achieve faster tests and reliable products. Leverage next-gen AI-based testing services by next-gen testing services provider to get faster and quality releases with more efficiency and accuracy.

There are best practices for implementing AI in companies like Assessing IT infrastructure, determining the use cases, understanding the data, training, and measuring the records. An AI application needs to be tested for functionality and system levels. It is similar to testing of traditional software in aspects of test planning, test modelling, test design, and execution. Testing of an AI system becomes more challenging and function test quality evaluation becomes an integral part of AI application testing.

Software Testing Latest Trends & Technology in 2023

Software testing is the most significant part of the Software Development Lifecycle as it is something upon which the final delivery of the product is dependent. It is time consuming and an intensive process, therefore, enhanced techniques and innovative methodologies are requisite.

In this research blog, we discuss recent trending software testing topics that are being researched industriously around the world. The software industry goes through a lot of research and modified methodologies that keep the software quality top-notch for the end-user.

Read Also: Popular Websites to Find Software Testing Research Papers Free & Paid

We provide introductory information about the latest trending topic the exponential and unprecedented change in technology affects the way in which organizations develop, validate, deliver, and operate software. Hence, users must consistently innovate and restore themselves by finding the solution to optimize practices and research trends to develop and deliver high-quality software quickly. Along with these trends, there are testing solutions which have the potential to address the challenges in software testing.

Pen testing cost + app testing strategies

Latest Technology Trends in Software Testing

Here are some major trends for research parameters that are changing the face of software testing:

1. QAOps

QAOps is an emerging practice that integrates QA (Quality Assurance) into the software delivery pipelines. It necessitates the QA team to work directly with the operations team and the development team. We can attain this by integrating QA procedures, automation, and a QA reporting dashboard with the software development cycle as shown in following figure.


  • Working with multiple teams allows you to learn and experience how different teams work. It also allows you to improve your skill level in a variety of areas. QAOps entail testing the product or a specific component of the product as soon as the update is incorporated, so the QA team does not have to wait for a new build. This assists the QA team in identifying problems early, and correcting these problems sooner rather than later can prevent further problems from occurring as a result of these defects.
  • Customers will have a better experience using your product since QAOps incorporates continuous testing. Your consumers will be far more happy with a better degree of quality and dependability than they would have been otherwise.
  • Because testing occurs on a continual basis, QAOps keeps the testing team interested. It saves the QA team from having to wait until the application is ready for another round of testing. Furthermore, because the QA staff is neither idle or bored, their morale should improve.
  • The QAOps framework improves communication between QA engineers and developers. Software developers, operational people, and everyone else engaged in the CI/CD process must collaborate closely with QA engineers.
  • QAOps support the fastest software development cycle and keep the testing team continuously engaged. The QAOps are of high quality and dependability. The QAOps reduce the execution time by adapting automation.

You can search research article related to the QAOps is available on following link

Read Also: Personality Analysis of Software Testers A Scientific Approach
2. Scriptless automation testing
  • It is a method of automating tests without developers writing coded scripts. The tools are often built on test automation frameworks such as Selenium which is a free (open-source) automated testing framework used to validate web applications across different browsers and platforms.
  • A scriptless testing tool can record a tester’s activities as it navigates through features on application screens. The tool will produce the identical test steps that you would normally write a test script for by capturing these actions. As a result, scriptless testing is restricted to interacting with UI components.  Automated UI testing is quickly becoming the new norm. This comprehensive guide dives into UI automation, one of the hottest trends in the world of Software testing. It is designed to provide you with knowledge across the broader UI test automation spectrum, including what it means, how to perform it, and the various challenges it presents. Scriptless testing is constrained by the same constraints as the test framework it employs. As a result, it may not test things like captcha, barcodes, and so on.


  • Though the term implies script-free testing, certain solutions do allow for the addition of scripts for complicated test cases.
  • Scriptless test automation enables the testers and business users to automate test cases without worrying about the coding. It helps to achieve faster results and reduces the time expended to understand the code.

Characteristics of script-less testing: 

  • Traditionally, automated testing necessitates extensive script creation, which frequently necessitates strong engineering skill sets.
  • These test scripts are easily broken as the app changes or as the app runs on multiple devices.
  • This is why scriptless automation tools are appealing.
  • They provide enterprises with a low-complexity and cost-effective way to leverage the benefits of Automated Testing without the complexity or cost of script creation.

As a result, it is critical to guarantee the following when selecting a mobile Scriptless Automation platform:

I. Test scripts may be developed in a simple “no-code” fashion.
II. The test scripts can run on a wide range of devices and operating systems without failing.
III. To avoid vendor lock-in, test scripts might be exported in an open standard e.g., Appium which is an open-source framework that allows QAs to conduct automated app testing on different platforms like Android, iOS, and Windows.

Source of research article connected to Scriptless automation testing is available on

3. Big data testing:
  • Big Data Testing can be defined as the procedure that involves examining and validating the functionality of the Big Data Applications.
  • In Big Data Testing a method that involves inspecting and testing the functionality of big data applications. “Big Data” is a massive accumulation of data that typical storage techniques cannot handle.
  • To ensure that all of its capabilities perform as planned. Big data testing ensures that the big data system functions smoothly and without errors while preserving performance and security.
  • The never-ending surge for the Creation, Storage, Retrieval and Analysis of the colossal volumes of data, triggered the motivation behind the origin of Big Data Testing.


Strategy for Big Data Testing:

  • Big Data application testing is more concerned with data processing than with particular elements of the software product. The cornerstones of Big data testing include performance and functional testing.
  • QA engineers in Big Data testing approach validate the successful processing of terabytes of data utilising commodity cluster and other supporting components. Because the processing is so quick, it necessitates a high level of testing expertise. Batch, real-time, and interactive processing are all options.
  • In addition, data quality is a significant consideration in Hadoop testing. Before testing the application, it is vital to examine the data quality, which should be included in database testing.

Source of research article connected to Big data testing is available on

Read Also: History of Software Testing Estimation Models for Cost Analysis
4. IoT testing
  • IoT testing includes functional and integration testing relevant to the specifics of distributed architectures, performance testing to check how the app handles large volumes of streaming data, security testing at the application, gateway, and IoT device levels. Because every IoT device sends and receives data over the Internet, it is critical that your IoT devices can communicate sensitive information wirelessly before coming to market.
  • As a result, many IoT companies rely on IoT automation, penetration, and performance testing solutions to uncover flaws before they reach users.
  • IoT testing ensures that IoT devices meet stated standards and perform as intended.

IoT testing

The difficulties encountered during IoT testing:

  • Both the network and internal communication must be examined.
  • Because the tasks are performed via the Internet, security and privacy are major problems in IoT testing.
  • The complexity of the software, as well as the system itself, may mask vulnerabilities or problems discovered in IoT technology.
  • Memory, processing power, bandwidth, battery life, and other factors are all limited.

Suggestions for efficient IoT testing:

  • Gray box testing and IoT testing should be conducted concurrently to allow for the creation of effective test cases. This assists us in comprehending the operating system, architecture, third-party hardware, new connections, and hardware constraints.
  • Scalability, adaptability, connection, and security are all critical for IoT and require real-time operating systems.
  • IoT testing may be automated to make it more effective.

Source of research article connected to IoT testing is available on

5. AI & ML based Software Testing
  • AI and ML help organizations eliminate testing gaps by augmenting people’s skills and capacities to analyze real-time data.
  • The Al and Ml testing frameworks can easily identify problems, and with frequent changes to the algorithms, it is possible to find even minor errors. Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) technology are well-trained to analyse data, recognise schemes and patterns, and perform and assess tests without the assistance of humans.
  • Deep learning and artificial neural networks enable this when a computer self-educates based on specified data sets or data taken from an external source such as the web.
  • The goal of AI is to replicate human intelligence in robots and is to develop a technique for solving issues that enables software to oversee operations without the need for manual programming.

AI ML Testing

  • The latest AI and ML technologies in the digital era require a new approach to software testing while handling complex systems and functionalities. Testing AI platforms enables companies to ensure adequate security measures for their complex applications.
  • Advances in software and AI world have paved the way for Robotic Process Automation (RPA). It is the most recent technology which has the capability to re-invent the business process management landscape.
  • However, a kind of artificial intelligence known as machine learning helps robots access information and carry out diverse activities. The ML technology helps AI systems understand learning processes and derive insights.
  • Software testing uses up company resources and doesn’t improve the functioning of the programme, according to research. A new regression cycle starts when regression testing reveals a new error introduced by a revision code. Engineers are frequently required to design testing scripts for software applications, and their expertise must be on par with that of the original app’s creators.
  • Machine Learning Changing Software Testing – Software applications are constantly changing as users want additional features or business processes to be updated; however, these changes often cause automated tests to no longer work correctly.

Source of research article connected to AI & ML based Software Testing is available on

6. Shift left Software Testing
  • Software developers are being incorporated into the testing cycle earlier than ever before, movement in the testing world is commonly known as shifting left.
  • The “shift left” testing trend aims to move testing closer to the beginning of the software development process. A project can decrease the amount of problems and improve the quality of the code by testing often and early. The objective is to avoid discovering any significant defects that need for code patching during the deployment process.
  • Moving the testing phase earlier in the software development life cycle is what the shift left movement is all about. Approaches where testing is only done at the very end of the software development life cycle should be avoided. We implement testing in the early phases of software development using shifting left.

Shift Left testing

  • Shift Left is a practice intended to find and prevent defects early in the software delivery process. The idea is to improve quality by moving tasks to the left as early in the lifecycle as possible. Shift Left testing means testing earlier in the software development process.
  • A Shift Left testing approach may not always be able to deliver optimal performance and functioning in a real-world environment.

Source of research article connected to Shift left Software Testing is available on

7. DevOps

DevOps – is a combination of Development & Operations  it is a Software Development methodology that looks to integrate all the Software Development functions from development to operations within the same cycle. It is a modern code deployment approach that significantly helps in the collaboration and coordination among various teams and accelerates the software delivery process with faster releases.

DevOps Cycle


DevOps Cycle

Following figure shows the impact of DevOps on software testing

Impact of DevOps

8. Accessibility Testing

Accessibility testing is another type of software testing used to test the application from the physically challenged person’s point of view. Accessibility testing is the practice of making your web and mobile apps usable to as many people as possible.


This sort of software testing not only focuses on verifying app usability, but it also makes sure that the application can be used by people with many disabilities, including visual, auditory, physical, speech, cognitive, language, learning, and neurological disabilities.

Read Also: Improving Software Test Automation Using Different Algorithms
9. Regression Testing

Regression testing is a software testing practice that ensures an application still functions as expected after any code changes, updates, or improvements. Regression testing is responsible for the overall stability and functionality of the existing features.

Regression Testing

Regression testing can be performed using the following techniques:

1. Re-test All: Re-Test is one of the approaches to do regression testing. In this approach, all the test case suits should be re-executed. Here we can define re-test as when a test fails, and we determine the cause of the failure is a software fault.

2. Regression test Selection: In this technique, a selected test-case suit will execute rather than an entire test-case suit.

  • The selected test case suits divided in two cases

    A. Reusable Test cases: Reusable test cases can use in succeeding                regression cycle.
    B. Obsolete Test cases: Obsolete test cases can’t use in                                     succeeding  regression cycle.

3. Prioritization of test cases:

Prioritize the test case depending on business impact, critical and frequently functionality used. Selection of test cases will reduce the regression test suite.

10. Performance Testing

Performance Testing is a type of software testing that ensures software applications to perform properly under their expected workload. It is a testing technique carried out to determine system performance in terms of sensitivity, reactivity and stability under a particular workload.

Performance Testing

Today’s businesses become successful only if their business-critical mobile and web applications perform well under varying loads and should essentially deliver great performance.

11. User Testing

User testing is the process through which the interface and functions of a website, app, product, or service are tested by real users who perform specific tasks in realistic conditions. The purpose of this process is to evaluate the usability of that website or app and to decide whether the product is ready to be launched for real users.


In this method, the real users test the apps by considering various real-time use cases and the feedback from these users helps in improving the application for the end-users.


Software testing is a process of evaluation that either the specific system meets its originally specified requirements or not and the rise in the number of applications used by different organizations has increased the demand for software testing. This blog highlights the most trending software testing topics in research and aims to discuss the existing as well as improved software testing topics and popular platforms for the better quality assurance purposes.

The primary goal of this blog is to provide a basic introduction to trending topics as well as the research sources used for references and to help aspiring researchers in their search for researchers.

Thus, there is a strong need to adapt the latest testing trends for all the software industries in the world, which will help them to adapt to the requirements of the modern world. In face of newer and higher demand of software testing, it is necessary to constantly summarize new achievements, study fresh hotspots and propose different ideas in order to promote the study on software testing system engineering, to facilitate the rapid development on software testing field and industry.

How Many Roles Can a Software Tester Play

Software testing involves inspecting a programme or application to ensure that it performs as intended. It is an essential part of the software development life cycle since it prevents spending a lot of money and time on addressing software bugs. A business may avoid several significant mistakes in the software development life cycle by having a solid grasp of when and how to execute software tests. Although each organisation has its unique team structure, there are several roles that are essential to the testing process’ success.

A software tester will take part in quality assurance as well as deployment of the software. You will also be in charge of running both automated and human tests to ensure that the code written by developers meet the requirements of the task and that any bugs or errors are fixed before the final product hits the market.

Read Also: What is the Optimum Software Developer to Software Tester Ratio?

The role of a software tester is of great importance to the development of technology-based products, including software systems and cars, electronics, defence as well as healthcare. You could work on specialised, one-of-a-kind projects or globally distributed, multibillion-dollar enterprises.

Software Tester Role Play

Software tester as Scrum Master

After doing some in-depth research, I’ve come to the conclusion that some of the qualities needed to be a Scrum Master are already present in the position of a software tester.

  • There are more similarities between the two jobs than differences, like:

1. They are in charge of overseeing the procedure and are committed to enhancing quality by assisting the development team in producing high-quality items.

2. They assist in establishing the user acceptability criteria and are knowledgeable about corporate needs.

3. They are confident that every need for admission has been satisfied.

4. Regarding the notion of done, the tester and the Scrum Master ensure that all the user stories are finished at the conclusion of each sprint.

5. They support the software development lifecycle’s overall goal of continual improvement.

6. They promote the development team’s productivity and cooperation.

7. They must plan ahead proactively to reduce pressure during the testing phase and later stages of the software development lifecycle.

8. They can find issues and flaws with the system.

9. They are able to evaluate the danger of any change.

10. They possess social and soft skills

Read Also: What’s The Role of a Computer Game Tester?

  • Aside from the traits that these two jobs have in common, each of these roles requires a different set of skills, which help each project progress smoothly.
  • As a Scrum Master, the tester develops the ability to observe team activities on a daily basis and get insight into the project’s progress as well as expertise of the product. They also learn how to listen carefully and pay attention to the difficulties the development team faces every day. They proactively stop issues and flaws as a result.
  • Having the tester and Scrum Master positions under the same person is advantageous for a team as well as for an organisation operating in Scrum or wishing to change its development process to Scrum. Participating in the development process and gaining knowledge from various stages of the process aid in locating the key difficulties. Due to this, someone who performs the dual roles of tester and scrum master will offer a unique viewpoint, enhancing the entire development process and assisting the team in producing deliverables of higher quality. Additionally, they will benefit the process and be better equipped to influence the development team.
  • A tester may also make the ideal Scrum Master, given the correct conditions!
Software tester as Release Manager
  • Within the field of software development, the procedures of quality control and release management are intertwined. They are two branches that work closely together and frequently merge to form one team or individual. You could say that QA and RM are inseparable, that they must always be in touch, and that they cannot afford to take a break. In this article, I’ll go over the fundamental rules that every quality tester should adhere to and comprehend regarding the procedure of software release management, bringing both areas together in the pursuit of creating high-quality software.
  • A tester’s primary responsibility is to run tests to ensure software quality and verify that earlier work is free of mistakes. The success of the implementation greatly influences how well the testing process goes. The QA team will be able to spot numerous flaws that may be connected to the implementation phase if the tester thoroughly followed the development process and is aware that the back-end and front-end teams ran into specific issues when implementing the code. Consequently, it will also be simpler to suggest the appropriate solution to the appropriate teams.
  • Testers will comprehend and value the significance of completing their jobs within the scheduled timeframe if they are aware of how the implementation process has evolved. If testers were properly informed about the software deployment process, many problems may be prevented.
  • If the tester and the release manager are the same person, the organization’s working efficiency suffers slightly because they have similar thinking styles and problem-solving perspectives.
  • The dependency also decreases, and proficiency increases, which is good for the organization.
Software tester as Project Manager
  • The project manager is accountable for the final product’s quality and on-time development. In order to balance the costs of the job, workflow productivity, product dependability, capabilities, and development time, he must use new resources or, if necessary, reallocate those that are already accessible. The issue tracking system’s database becomes a crucial source of knowledge about the present status of the product and its adherence to the requirement specification during this activity.
  • An expert in quality assurance (QA) is aware of exactly how software products need to behave instead of how a product manager imagined they ought to. A creative software quality tester shouldn’t have any trouble trying to succeed as a software product manager.
  • Who, in essence, is a software tester? A software tester is a remarkable person who serves as the final stage of the web development lifecycle. He stands as the final person between the client and the web developer.

Similar traits of a project manager and a software tester

1. Honesty

  • One of the most important talents that software project managers must consistently keep in mind is that it takes their actions, not just their words, to establish a certain business as usual for a group. This skill is comparable to the abilities necessary for software testers. reasonable managerial demands and demonstration of moral behaviour.
  • The honesty that underpins project management or leadership refers to a set of principles, a commitment to sincerity, and consistency in teamwork. Sincere software project managers accept responsibility for creating high standards for moral behaviour for themselves and for rewarding those who uphold these standards.

2. They make wise decisions.

  • A software tester’s ability to make sound decisions is one of the key duties and obligations of project managers on software projects.
  • The excellent project manager position in software project management is crucial for both personal and professional success. The best project management software is used to decide on a number of options that will assist define the project’s course.
  • We all know that even a small mistake in a choice may quickly put the entire enterprise in jeopardy. A software tester should be capable of thinking quickly and responding decisively in this way.

3. They Encourage a Common Vision

  • In software development, the productive tasks of the project manager are typically characterised as having a vision of the future and the ability to articulate it. A software project manager is a person who empowers you, gives you a sense of purpose, and provides you with the vision and spirit to transform.
  • People are empowered by the creative project managers to feel like they truly matter to the work.
  • The software tester also gives their co-workers the opportunity to experience their own vision and gives others the option to create their own vision, explore what the vision will mean for their jobs and personal life, or even see their future as a key component of the association’s vision.

4. They are excellent at solving issues!

  • The finest project management position in software development is to collaborate with a team of professionals and use their expertise to solve problems in the most effective manner.
  • Only the roles and responsibilities of software testers will foresee that the software project managers will have a prepared response in due time regarding every issue; software project managers are required to be able to use the knowledge of their partners and even colleagues to create an aggregate reaction to any issues they encounter on their approach to delivering a project.
  • The only person who truly understands how and when it will be best for the end user to interact with the programme is a software tester. This isn’t, exactly, the question of online usability. The only person who can judge if something is done effectively or not is the tester, who uses the software product themselves several times while testing it. A tester then specifies how it must be.

Read Also: 50 Automation Testing Questions for Interview Preparation


This article shows how software testers are versatile and able to play various roles along with performing testing tasks. In this article, we will attempt to cover the actual role that the tester can play and how to be helpful in making things easier. After conducting research and consulting with various sources, we concluded that the qualities required of a scrum master are already present in a QA tester.

The software tester is successfully able to do the responsibilities of the release manager; if one person plays both roles, it will help them complete their jobs within the scheduled timeframe. If a software tester takes on the project manager role, the organisation benefits because they share qualities such as honesty, decision-making ability, vision, and problem-solving skills. As per research and literature, it is proved that testers play various roles and are helpful for achieving milestones in the software profession.

What is the Optimum Software Developer to Software Tester Ratio?

How many testers are required to test a product? This seems like the start of a comedy, yet it’s a serious question. Quality assurance is an essential job, especially in today’s age of “release early, release frequently.”

People look for quality in every piece of art they come across. Quality has also invaded the realm of software development, where it is critical to properly test the software system at various stages of testing. Nowadays, competition is fierce and the frequency of changes in platforms and business needs is also significant. So, for a programme to be reliable and useful in the long term, it must be supported and updated depending on current requirements.

Software testing is one of the major tasks undertaken at every firm to deliver value and quality, as well as to assure the marketability of software products.

A variety of things influence what a decent tester-developer ratio should be. Consider whether you are working on cutting-edge technology or a legacy product, your team members’ ability and experience, and the release cadence you are required to maintain. The reality is that there are several ratios that may be used, but each has advantages and disadvantages.

Read Also: Difference Between Software Tester VS Developer

Why should you employ a developer-to-tester Ratio?

These questions can aid in determining the testing process’ balance and efficacy. It may be better to utilise the developer-to-tester ratio as a matric to alter the testing process and workload in a test organisation rather than to estimate staffing levels before making team sizing decisions based only on numbers of people.

Let’s start with a developer-to-tester ratio examples.

Tester: 1 Developer

When you have developers who don’t know much about testing and testers who don’t know much about development, the 1:1 ratio is ideal. A developer and tester team can collaborate to deploy a new feature, and since they are both so focused on that one item, they may be able to uncover and solve all of the flaws. The developer, on the other hand, is unlikely to contribute to any test automation, and the tester is likely to be the only one who understands how to run and repair the automation. This means that if the feature is ever developed further, the tester will become a bottleneck, slowing down the job.

1 Tester: 2 Developers

This ratio is appropriate for a feature that requires both front-end and back-end development. The tester may be in charge of testing the integration of the front and back ends. These three, like the 1:1 ratio, will become the feature’s specialists. However, this might lead to silos, making it impossible for someone else to come in later in the project and assist with the task.

Read Also: Quality Assurance (QA) vs Quality Control (QC)

2 Testers: A team of Developers

This is a pretty regular occurrence. The testers can split the tales to be tested based on their skill set and availability. If both testers are competent and organised, they should be able to keep up with both manual and automated testing. They can also trade features to determine if one tester missed an issue discovered by the other. This ratio, however, can occasionally result in bottlenecks when a product requires extensive testing or when one tester is on vacation.

1 Tester: A development team

In this case, the tester takes on the role of “quality coach.” They are not in charge of all of the testing or test automation. They advise and coach developers on what should be tested and automated. Quality is thus owned by the entire team. When the tester is unavailable, the developers can fill the void by making test plans and checking each other’s work. Because developers contribute to and assist maintain the automated tests, test automation is never a bottleneck.

0 Testers: A development team

Some may squirm at the thought, but a team of highly skilled software engineers is capable of performing all of their own testing. To be successful, developers must grasp the value of exploratory testing and how to design test strategies. They must understand what kind of tests should be automated and they must commit to maintaining their test code with the same care that they do for their production code.

Although they will do preliminary testing on their own features, they will also form “test buddy” pairings in which one developer will act as the tester for the work of another developer.

They will have two sets of eyes on each feature and will be more likely to catch bugs this way. These ratios all share a few characteristics. First and foremost, at least one member of the team must be an expert in testing. These abilities are required to locate elusive bugs.

Following that, effective communication skills are required. There is no “throwing software over the wall to be tested.” Instead, testers and developers collaborate. Finally, there is the willingness to work as part of a team. Both testers and developers must be willing to step up and perform testing duties, whether or not it is part of their allocated function. When all three of these elements are present on a team, any of these ratios can lead to success.


The tester-to-developer ratio varies slightly depending on estimated costs. The cost estimation is primarily determined by the type of firm client; it will differ for various service providers, such as healthcare, e-commerce, the automation industry, and so on.

The effort calculator plays an important role for the estimation of cost as well as the ratio of the tester to developer because it depends upon the complexity and efforts used for the particular product. The time consumed by the product also plays a key role.

Read Also: Salary of Developer vs Tester : Who Earns More?

To roughly estimate the number of testers required for future projects, the ratio of testers to developers on previous projects in a well-known domain can be utilised in conjunction with a study of impacts on the relative number of testers vs. developers. When details about the functioning and features of the proposed project are unknown, or when a rapid estimate is required but a wide margin of error is allowed, this technique is most helpful.


The developer-to-tester ratio varies greatly amongst companies. The term “industry average” may not even be a reasonable starting point. This measure may be more useful in enhancing your testing procedure than in hiring your team. With the correct mix of people, tools, and procedures, you can execute effective testing even in high-ratio circumstances.

how much does penetration test cost

The balance also varies based on the company’s present stage. In the early stages of a software startup, the focus is on prototyping, hacking, and generating tested minimum viable products rather than production level development. When the entire workforce is less than five full-time equivalents, they may do without a specialised software quality assurance department and spread the load of testing their programme between themselves and their early customers/ testers.

It is difficult to explain the tester-to-developer ratio because each company’s position and requirements are unique and dependent on their needs. basically the ratio is dependent upon the complexity of a particular product, and no interface is established to give an accurate number for the ratio. Testbyte proposed a cost calculator that is useful for everything related to software development and testing, providing cost estimation, tester-to-developer ration, and total time required to complete the product or task.

In conclusion, estimating testing based on ratios of testing to development workers is a problem that cannot be solved and any organisation that is presented with such a solution should seriously consider its validity.

AI and Bots: Are They The Future of Software Testing?

Software testing has taken an indispensable place with the increasing complexities of the software.
With the rising complexities, new software technologies, ever rising data, software testing is now taking an entirely new dimension. In such a scenario Bots and AI are gradually taking over the manual testing.

But does that means Bots and AI will wipe out testing jobs? Not at all, they will only change how the complete testing process completes.
The information and knowledge regarding AI and bots is quickly increasing with the growing usage of robotics and AI.
And gradually they are taking over the manual efforts in many fields including software testing.
And it is because robotics and artificial intelligence are cost-proficient, easy to use, and time-productive.
When it comes to machine learning in software testing and developments, bots can be much more easily and quickly trained compared to people.
Bots and AI involvement in Software Testing and Development
Bots and AI are predicted to rule the software testing world soon. They have affected the proficiency of software development and testing in many terms.

  1. Testing Scope and Workloads

It is a common practice to add new features to the software. As new features are introduced, the new code is added.
This code further requires software testing to ensure proper working.
This testing sometimes requires creating and running a new set of test cases and sometimes it even demands a rerun of the existing test cases to ensure the new functionality has not altered or affected the existing functionality.

This adds up to the workload of testers and also increases the testing scope.
AI robot can easily recreate the tests to integrate new parameters and can also run parallel tests without adding the workload to the tester.

  1. Debugging Capability

AI and bots can tirelessly work for 24 by 7. They are great when the test cases list is long, or when testing on disturbed systems, etc.
In short, they are very viable on running time-consuming test cases, which would otherwise be tiring for the testers.
They viably expand the time for which test cases can be run without requiring human intervention.
It reduces human efforts by running test cases without human efforts and letting the testers to only inspect the test results and resolve the issues if any.

  1. Advanced Continuous Testing

Continuous testing can enhance the quality of your software. Continuous testing helps report abnormalities clean-up infested information.
But carrying out repeated testing is not a viable option for human testers.
But this task can be very well carried out by bots and AI, resulting in enhanced software quality.

Now vs. Future of AI and bots in Software Testing.
Currently, AI and bots are confined to search for defects only in dedicated parts.
They are not yet tuned to go beyond it and test for bugs in any newly added component.
In the future with more advanced bots and AI, it might discover changes in even the minimal changes in the system.
It would interpret the client’s expectations and produce numerous test cases based on it in minimal time, much faster than human efforts. Currently, AI capability in this aspect is quite limited.
Though we can’t predict what actually AI holds, its capability will definitely see a rise.

Know More: Quality Assurance VS Quality control

The AI and bots can go far beyond our expectations and can take software testing to a completely new standard. What that cannot be expected today might be a reality of tomorrow.
AI and bots have a significant role in the current scenario of software testing.
They have definitely made testing much easier, and quicker. But with advancements made in the field of AI and bots, we will soon see AI and bots taking over the complete software testing, with human intervention required only in managing these bots.

AI and bots have amazed us enough with their amazing capabilities. But what they still have in store for us cannot be predicted at the moment.
The time is not far away when AI and bots will take over all the manual efforts in software testing. Software testing will soon be easier, cost-efficient and time-efficient using AI and bots.

Software Testing: What Future Holds?

We wonder why it took us so long to write on this topic, maybe we wanted some time to let our theories brew.  As the year’s progress, software testing industry is seeing greener pastures. This rapid development in the industry has kept everyone on a hook, especially the testers, expecting them to continuously upgrade their skills.

Software testing plays an important role In the Software Development life cycle (SDLC) which helps improve the quality and performance of the systems. With the growing importance, many big software companies tend to start their testing activities right from the start of the development activities.

Many experts believe that by 2020, software testing will not just be limited to delivering the software without bugs, but will be a huge focus and demand for high-quality products. That’s because software testing is rapidly becoming a standard, rather than a more advanced approach for software development teams.

Below we list some of the top trends in this field for an exception 2018 experience for your tests.

1. Open Source Tools

Most of the software companies use and accept the open source tools to meet their testing requirements.  There are several tools available in the market today, but we can see advanced versions of it ready to be used soon in the near future.  Also, many of the tools like Selenium will jump in the world of AI (Artificial Intelligence) automating most of your testing needs.

2. BigData Testing

Companies today are sitting on top of a huge data repository and all these needs a very strong strategy around the BigData testing. Though BigData testing is difficult than any other testing, the advantages it offers cannot be ignored. The industry has faced many challenges- lack of resources, time and tools, but it has also found its way out of these challenges.

Also Read : All You Need To Know About Software Performance Testing

3. Performance Engineering

The success of software depends upon the performance, reliability, and scalability of the system with user experience as a prime factor. Any software system is incomplete without an interactive user interface. Increased demand for user experience shifts the focus of performance testing to performance engineering.

4. DevOps Integration

DevOps is a concept where the various teams/departments of an IT Organization work seamlessly in collaboration and integration for a project. Since testing plays a very crucial role in SDLC, they are a key person in the business and the overall quality engineering aspects. DevOps is, therefore, a propelling business towards the deployment speed.

5. SDET Professionals

SDET stands for Software Development Engineer in Test (or Software Design Engineer in Test). The concept was proposed by Microsoft and many organizations demand these professionals. The roles of SDET professionals are different from those of our regular testers.  It is said that by 2020, almost all the testers will have to wear the SDET hat to enhance their skills in the testing industry.


With the growing needs and changing requirements, software testing professionals need to improve their skills simultaneously. It is not only a challenge for the testing team, but also for the entire development team for addressing the advancements and technological updated. But we are sure the testing industry will knock down these challenges too with their innovations and research.

Top 10 Software Testing Skills Required For Success in 2020

There are certain Software testing skills that every recruiter looks for apart from work experience when it comes to software testing jobs. In 2020, it is expected that there is going to be a boom in jobs related software testing. However, to top the race you need to counter check the skills you have is the same companies are looking for. 
Such skills include,

  1. Logical and analytical thinking
  2. A sense of creativity and an inquisitive mind
  3. A global as well as local approach
  4. The right application of knowledge
  5. Skills related to project management
  6. Documentation and communication
  7. Social networking skills
  8. A better understanding of coding
  9. Evidence gathering
  10. Being Rational

1. Logical and Analytical Thinking
Logical and Analytical Thinking
This is, perhaps, the most basic requirement of a tester. Many times, many of the bugs are related to logic’s applied in the code.
Analytical thinking ensures that you are capable of thinking out of the box.
It should result in the creation of various test cases. Logical thinking plays a vital role when you test as an end-user and apply all sorts of probabilities you can think of. 
Creating situations which help in making the product strong, can be done faster by the one who has strong analytical skills.
2. A Sense of Creativity and an Inquisitive Mind
A Sense of Creativity and an Inquisitive Mind
Be curious about everything you test. Unlike a popular belief that testing is a mundane and boring job, it is actually a test of your creativity and eagerness to know the product as deep as you can.
The more you explore, the more bugs you will come up with, resulting in excellent testing skills.
Ask questions as it will increase your knowledge about the product. There are various methodologies of testing which will help you to test in many test scenarios. 
This way, you will be able to contribute a lot to the development process of the product.
3. A Global as Well as Local Approach
A Global as Well as Local Approach
These days, products have become very complex. A good tester should know all about the business situations and should be able to interact well with third parties to ensure the requirements are clear.
You will surely go a long way if you are able to see the software as an outsider. At the same time, he should have deep know how of how the product is operating internally.
4. The Right Application of Knowledge
A smart tester should be able to use the knowledge attained with the domain, mistakes, and successes in his testing. He should come up with quick solutions as well.
5. Skills Related to Project Management
Skills Related to Project Management
Having only testing skills might not help you much in the long run. You should have good knowledge of the business process and overall project details. Strong problem-solving skills and project management strategies will help you when the going is tough.
6. Documentation and Communication
Documentation and Communication
Some testing process requires hours and hours of tiring work and monitoring. To keep you in the loop and for better tracking, you have to have good documentation skills and not only that you need to communicate continuously with your team lead/manager so that the whole software testing process can happen seamlessly.
7. Social Networking Skills
Social Networking Skills
Why would a software testing professional require social media skills? you might think. But to know more about the latest happenings and take part in forums that can help you in solving the problem that you were stuck for days.
8. A Better Understanding of Coding
A Better Understanding of Coding
Understanding coding will definitely give an upper hand to testers when it comes to handling the process. Even if it’s most modern tools, the programming language is essential when it comes to executing the test.
9. Evidence Gathering
Evidence Gathering
Documenting bugs might not be enough when you look at the problem from a client perspective. You have to gain evidence and record it properly to present it before the client. Queries raised by the client should be 
10. Being Rational
Being Rational
Testing a software alone might not be enough when it comes to quality analysis of a product. A tester have to study the requirement sheer of the app thoroughly and has to keep in mind while analyzing the app. If there is anything that’s left behind by the developer, the tester has to ask a question regarding its absence and what’s the reason behind it.
These skills are always considered as excellent when it comes to selecting candidates for software testing jobs. However, it is indeed true that freshers won’t be having these skill in its finest form and they should be provided with time and atmosphere to develop such. in short, look out for the grasping power as well as receptive power of freshers rather than directly seeking these skills which is not logically possible.